Despite years of effort, immunization rates have not reached desired levels in the United States. On-time vaccination throughout childhood is essential because it helps provide immunity before children are exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases. Vaccines are tested to ensure that they are safe and effective for children to receive at the recommended ages. According to Federal health data, New York is among the 10 states with the lowest vaccination rates. School-based health centers (SBHCs) improve adolescent vaccination rates, while simultaneously saving health care dollars for society. Below are resources for SBHCs and Parents/Caregivers to consider when vaccinating their children.
Immunization Laws & Vaccination Schedules
New York State Recommended Vaccine Schedule
CDC Recommended Vaccine Schedule
New York State Immunization Laws & Regulations
Resources for SBHC and Staff
- School Nurse Immunization Toolkit: The New York State Association of County Health Officials (NYSACHO), in collaboration with the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), is pleased to provide this toolkit for use by school nurses to promote immunization among school children.
- Resources for Vaccine Providers: The Campaign to ImmuNYze all New Yorkers is an initiative of the County Health Officials of New York (NYSACHO) bringing together patients, parents, providers and campaign partners to heighten awareness of vaccines and the need to immunize throughout life – from infancy through senior years.
- Communicating with Families: Learn about vaccine-hesitant parents, common concerns, vaccine information statements, and view risk communication videos
- CDC’s Tips on Talking to Parents about Vaccines and Vaccine-preventable Diseases Fact Sheets: Many parents have questions about their children’s vaccines, and answering their questions can help parents feel confident in choosing to immunize their child according to the CDC’s recommended immunization schedule. The materials below are intended to help health care professionals start or continue conversations with parents.
- Summary of Recommendations for Child/Teen Immunization (Age birth through 18 years): This document was adapted from the vaccine recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and also Best Practices Guidance of the ACIP.
- Medical Management of Vaccine Reactions in Children and Teens In a Community Setting: Administering any medication, including vaccines,has the potential to cause an adverse reaction. To minimize the likelihood of an adverse event, screen patients for vaccine contraindications and precautions prior to vaccination (see “Screening Checklist for Contraindications to Vaccines for Children and Teens”. When adverse reactions do occur, this resource helps you to be prepared.
- Vaccinations in Refugee Children: New York State and New York City Recommendations and Guidelines
Resources for Parents & Caregivers
- The Importance of Childhood Vaccinations and Resource Page for parents
- CDC: Why Vaccinate and If You Choose Not to Vaccinate Your Child, Understand the Risks and Responsibilities
- Track Your Child’s Immunizations and Development Milestones: This worksheet will help you to record your child’s immunizations, developmental milestones, and growth at each well-child visit.
- The New York State Vaccines for Children (NYS VFC) Program is a federally-funded program that provides vaccines at no cost to eligible children. The vaccines are distributed to private physicians’ offices and public health clinics enrolled as VFC providers. VFC providers administer the vaccines to VFC-eligible children. VFC providers may also obtain other publicly-funded vaccines to serve children eligible under other criteria.
- Consequences of Undervaccination — Measles Outbreak, New York City, 2018–2019: Recent measles outbreaks in states with high overall MMR coverage, such as New York, highlight the need for assessing vaccination coverage at the local level
Literature on SBHCs and Immunizations
For a full database on published literature related to School-based health centers and Immunizations visit the SBHC Literature Database built by the National School-Based Health Alliance. Below are some papers we believe highlight the important role of SBHCs in providing students with vital vaccines.
Efficacy of LAIV-T on Absentee Rates in a School-Based Health Center Sample
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of the intranasal LAIV-T in decreasing school absenteeism in a school-based vaccination initiative and to compare the acceptability of LAIV-T versus TIV among adolescents.
Finding: LAIV-T was associated with a reduction in nonsuspension absences and was well
accepted by students. Administration of LAIV-T may be a convenient and effective method to
mass-immunize students in a school setting and help establish herd immunity within the community.